Monthly Archives: September 2016

Engineered for Success

A guest post from Bryan Wiggins

How Larry Brooks Helped Lead Me to My Path to Publication

 I don’t remember what classroom I sat in, or which teacher was my guide, but one day as I scratched away in my composition notebook at my tiny wooden desk in Green Tree Elementary School, I picked up the trick I’ve been using ever since to present my thoughts upon the page: the outline. That organizational tool’s ability to plot a premise, build its argument, and cap it off with a conclusion, powered me through school from my first book report to my final term paper.

When my daughters began their own editorial explorations, I shared the outline as the trail of conceptual breadcrumbs they could lay down to help them find their way. That began my writing relationship with both of them—one that continues to this day—although the red pen is just as often found in their hands as in mine.

Ten years ago, when the challenge of writing a novel lured me from the poetry I’d puttered with for so long, I turned to my trusty prose pal and used an outline to sketch my first plot. Soon, I was off and running, creating scene after glorious scene, and, ultimately, a wonderful mess. I tried free-writing my way out of it, eventually penning a therapeutic essay I titled 80,000 Mistakes. In it I fussed and fumed about the 80,000 words I’d tapped into my Mac in the early morning hours, trying to build a story arc that finally collapsed under its own weight. But I ended my sorry screed with a promise to myself: I simply would not quit till I’d figured out the novel’s form.

I filled my Kindle with every book that looked like it could help me crack the craft—more than two dozen of the titles that every hopeful Hemingway knows, mixed with others that only a form freak like me would read. The light began to shine with books like John Truby’s, The Anatomy of Story; it taught me how to lay that all important foundation—the premise—in a way that would carry me, if not to publication, at least to a tale that might add some meaning to my life. Jack Bickham’sScene & Structure was another bright spot, one that revealed why the stories I struggled with had been so episodic. From it, I learned the cause and effect relationships that create the chain-drive of a story, linking the series of scenes and sequels that keep readers’ fingers flipping far past bedtime.

But the tome that brought it home was Larry Brooks’ Story Engineering. It was the bridge I’d been searching for—one strong enough to support the weight of 100,000 words or more, to carry the world I’d built in my head to shine within my readers’ hearts.

I used my skills as a graphic artist to make a map of Larry’s formula, memorialized as the four-page “novel blueprint” you’ll find linked at the end of this post. I pasted the damn thing onto a foam core wall and posted it behind my laptop to refer to every single morning as I poked through my first novel, trying to put into practice again and again the principles I finally learned well enough to write from by heart.

I caught fire from my new learning, giving a couple of talks through the Maine Writers and Publishers Alliance to pass on what I discovered in a Keynote presentation, complete with screenshots showing how I’d woven Story Engineering into my Scrivener template to keep me oriented as I dove in and out of scenes. I even convinced Boston’s Grub Street writers’ center for a guest spot in the big leagues, presenting at their national Muse and the Marketplace writers conference. There, in a room full of other hungry story structure seekers, I was rewarded with the questions and comments that let me know I was playing a small but vital role in passing on the torch that Larry first lit for me.

The Winter Queen was the first novel I built from Story Engineering. It rests right where it belongs —deep within the depths of my hard drive—as the fertile failure that taught me so much. My second, however, was (will be?) published onSeptember 27 by Harper Legend, a brand new imprint of “visionary digital fiction” from HarperCollins. I’m currently deep into the creation of its sequel, using the same Story Engineering concepts and constructions that have carried me so far.

Recently, I’ve been sharing what I’ve learned with members of the Pine Cone Writers’ Den, the ten-member writing group that meets monthly in my home. I sent one writer the novel blueprint a few weeks ago, and was delighted to hear it helped her break through to her book’s final phase of development. I invited another member over one Saturday morning, stretching a copy of the blueprint across my kitchen table as we discussed her memoir’s big story beats. We traded the red pen to plot just where those pivotal posts might fit within Story Engineering’s structural plan. I sent her home with that map and the hope that it serves to help stitch her string of moving spiritual passages into the published piece that finds the audience she deserves.

It’s too early to tell just how far those principles may take her, or the rest of us. There’s no question, however, that the most important book I ever read about the way to build a story will always play a part in mine.
Click below to view the Novel Blueprint document, which Larry uses regularly in his writing and workshops.


Filed under Guest Bloggers

Conquering the “Wisdom Gap”

Knowledge is understanding that a tomato is a fruit, not a vegetable.

Wisdom is knowing not to put a tomato in a fruit salad.


Maybe you’ve been at this a while.

You’ve read all the books and blogs, you know…

… the difference between a concept and a premise…

… you know that good stories unfold over four contextually-driven parts of roughly equal length…

… you understand the purpose and placement of a functional first plot point…

… you know that story doesn’t really trump structure (because you also know that story is structure)…

… and you realize that process, provided it is fully informed, doesn’t matter, because the criteria for effectiveness doesn’t care what your process is.

Among a whole truckload of other storytelling stuff that you know.

Or maybe all of that is Greek to you.

In which case, you are on a path.

It’s up to you to determine if you remain motionless and clueless (perhaps uncaring, which is more dangerous than unaware) on the path… because hey, this is writing, and writing is fun, so just leave me alone and let me scribble away as I please.

Thing is, this path is an ascending slippery slope, which means if you stand still for too long, you’ll slide backwards and eventually fall flat on your tookus, wondering what went wrong.

Or you can decide to go higher, to build your awareness and practice of craft to the point not only do  you get it, but you suddenly see it in play in the stories you read and watch on a screen.

Either way, there’s something else you need to know, sooner or later.

You might wonder why your story isn’t selling, when some of the stuff you read isn’t any better. In your opinion, at least.

The more you know about craft, the less frequently you’ll experience this. Because you’ll be able to sense the answer. You’ll know how high the bar is, and what remains to be learned and put into play before it can be reached.

But then… something else might strike you: how do those writers—the ones with the killer ideas you wish you had, and the consistently bestselling writers who nail it time after time—do that?

Are they simply smarter and more creative that you? Maybe… maybe not.

What do they know that you don’t?

The answer may be… nothing. You may indeed know what they know.

The truth is it may have nothing at all to do with knowing. The best writers in the world will tell you that nobody really knows anything (a direct quote from William Goldman)… even when in reality it’s obvious they know a lot about storytelling.

So what is it? What is that final thing we need to know… to understand?

It is this: getting into that elite elevated place, where the Kings and Baldaccis and Noras and Gabaldons and several dozen other elite writers dwell, isn’t wholly defined by knowledge at all.

Rather, it is defined by storytelling wisdom.

Which is a fusion of knowledge, informed instinct and experience… resulting in wisdom.

Those elite writers have an evolved, higher sense of story.

In other words, while your writing knowledge may match up, your writing wisdom—the ability to sense the best possible creative notion and solution in a given story moment, not to mention land on the best possible story premise in the first place—may still be in an earlier stage of development.

Hey, they were there once, too.  Rare is the writer who was born with an evolved story sense.

Writing wisdom is the ability to land on, and then implement, a stellar execution of a story element (beginning with a promising premise) in the moment of creation… either within a story planning phase, or an organic story development process.

The ability to come up with an OMG story idea, the one you wish you had thought of.

The ability to deliver a scene that jolts you right out of your socks, or sends your heart into spasms of bliss or shatters with utter terror… and do it better than the rest of us can do it.

Writing a story is a constant process of creative decision making.

We apply knowledge to know what kind of scene is required in a given moment. We apply whatever state of wisdom—story sensibility—to land on something that is optimally effective in an artful, emotionally resonant way within the context of the narrative at hand.

Our goal as writers is to elevate our story sensibility. To become wise in our vision and selection and delivery of story elements that flesh out a promising premise… which is also the product of wisdom.

Even if you know as much about basic craft and story structure and the requisite story physics as David Baldacci (for example), chances are that in the moment of creation and execution, he will come up with something better than we will.

It happens in all fields of art and intellect and athletics. When it counts, superstars draw upon a depth of sensibility developed over time—that’s Gladwell’s 10,000 hours of practice paying off—to make the right move, in the right way, with the right touch and power.

All the guys in the NBA, for example, have off-the-charts athletic gifts and a highly developed sense of the game. But when the clock is winding down and you have one shot to win the game with a one-on-one move, who do you want to have the ball?  Steph Curry, that’s who.  Lebron James, that’s who.

Hard telling if either player has the deepest well of knowledge of the game they play. But both bring wisdom to the moment that consistently elevates them above their peers.

That’s what we need to do with our stories. Elevate them above the crowd. That’s the goal.

It manifests in the details.

A quick example from my latest book, a non-fiction project about relationships.

I was writing about a promise my wife made to me, relative to fidelity. This is what I wrote, which as you’ll see required a decision in the selection of a specific name in a specific context:

If I cheated on her, for example, she assures me she would plant a two-by-four squarely in the middle of my forehead while I slept, and that it would be a committed swing the likes of which Albert Pujols would be proud.

It made perfect sense to me. I wrote it, and I moved on. But was it a wise move?

Upon completion my step-daughter would be the first beta reader. She was encouraging, but she mentioned this: “It was sorta confusing to me. I got lost a few times.”

That’s what beta-readers do. They generalize. They over-state. Because it turns out she was confused by only one thing, in one place… and that perception translated, for her, into a “the book was confusing sometimes” generalized response.

Agents and editors and producers do the same thing. One bad move, one less-then-wise choice, and your project is labeled accordingly.

Turns out she had no idea who Albert Pujols is. No clue. Never mind he was the best power hitter in baseball over the past decade. She’d never heard of him.

That knowledge put him into this analogy. On that level it made perfect sense.

But was it a wise choice? Nope. Because she didn’t recognize the name. Nor would many readers in this niche.

So I changed Albert Pujols to Barry Bonds. She’d heard of Barry Bonds, as would anyone not living on an island somewhere. Problem solved. The book was no longer confusing to her. (Apologies if you do live on an island and have never heard of Barry Bonds, one of whom I just heard from; hmmm, maybe I just unwittingly put a little tomato in this fruit salad, so I’ll live and learn, which is the point, one worth keeping Barry here for a while…)

Wisdom, like God, resides in the details, as much as it does within the bigger issues where knowledge rules.

So how do we get there?

What if we don’t have the feedback on hand to lead us toward wisdom in our storytelling decisions?

I have a theory about that.

I believe that the elevation of story sense isn’t solely reliant upon practice, nor is it exclusively the consequence of studying the craft. Rather, it is using a broad and deep exposure and comprehension of craft—knowing all there is to know, all that you can find—and then applying that knowledge to recognize and analyze genius story moments in stellar stories, written by writers who wield an elevated level of wisdom as a matter of course.

Athletes have game tapes. Performers have playback and America’s Got Talent, where evaluation is the show. We writers have… the ability to analyze and evaluate every story and film that is critically hailed and commercially viable, with a view toward understanding why.

We all do it. But writers with a high degree of story sense do it differently, and better, than the rest of us.

The more you know, the easier it will be to see why a given story premise or idea or execution is deemed powerful and resonant. The writer (and certainly, the non-writer) who doesn’t understand the underlying craft will never comprehend the genius at hand, only the outcome of it.

So it’s a two-level path to get there.

First, immerse yourself in craft, to the point where you can cite the litany of storytelling principles chapter and verse, and explain it to anyone in terms that make it accessible.

Be the student that becomes the teacher.

And then, after you’re there… start noticing what works. Study stories. And just as valuable, study what doesn’t work. Make that level of inquiry—reading anything and everything, all of it informed by your vast wealth of knowledge about the craft—your graduate course in writing wisdom.

When you are well down that path, you will inevitably be able to apply a higher qualitative aesthetic to your own work. Your choices will be wiser, the impact of them collectively consequential.

Informed by wisdom, built on a foundation of knowledge, you will no longer be tempted, however blindly, to plop a few tomatoes into the fruit salad of your story.


Are you doing NaNoWriMo this year?

I have a little ebook that can help… help you not waste the month pursuing a quantitative goal, when you can actually make it a qualitative experience, as well.  Get it HERE… discounted to 99 cents through November.

NaNoWriMo ebook for Kindle


Filed under Write better (tips and techniques)